This list includes ships that are owned and leased by the U.S. Navy; ships that are formally commissioned, by way of ceremony, and non-commissioned. Essentially, sponging made sure there were no sparks in the bore when the new charge was put in. It was generally made of copper, the same gauge as the windage of the gun; that is, the copper was just thick enough to fit between ball and bore. Carried 6 Nine pounders and a Long Tom (42 pounder) amid ships and a crew of 90 men. By 1750 design and construction were fairly well standardized in a gun of much cleaner line than the cannon of 1650. 64. That may be aft, in a position to fire at ships that are giving chase to you or forward to fire at the ship you are chasing. Name Location Date BATTLESHIPS ARIZONA Pearl Harbor 7 December 1941 OKLAHOMA Pearl Harbor 7 December 1941 AIRCRAFT CARRIERS HORNET 08 38 S, 166 43 E 26 October 1942 LEXINGTON 15 12 S, 155 27 E 8 May 1942 PRINCETON 15 21 N, 123 31 E 24 October 1944 WASP 12 25 S, 164 08 E 15 September 1942 YORKTOWN 30 36 N, 176 34 W 7 June 1942 ESCORT â¦ Index: Pictures of United States Navy Ships 1775-1941 Index by Ship Name AA1 (SS52), renamed T1. After the introduction of the carronade, the difference in the rated armament and the number of guns actually carried sometimes bordered on the ridiculous. On the order to fire, the mate uses a slow match to ignite the black powder in the depression which then follows the tail down into the cannon igniting the charge. The Carronade was invented by the British General Robert Melville and received its name from being cast by the Carron Foundry in Scotland. One of only five vessels built for the suppression the slave trade and piracy during President James Madison's "Era of Good Feelings." NAVY MARINE CORPS ACTION KIA WIA KIA WIA Revolutionary War, 19 Apr. Youngsters tossing the ball to each other over a tall fence use "curved" or "high" trajectory. By 1800, although guns could be served with as few as three men, efficient drill usually called for a much larger force. At this range CONSTITUTION's guns could do terrible damage, with her cannonballs penetrating over two feet of oak planking. The maximum effective range of a 24-pounder was about 1200 yards. The general rule observed throughout the ship, is to load, fire, and sponge, the guns with all possible expedition, yet without confusion or precipitation. ï»¿
Some of them, like the Marsilly handspike, had rollers at the toe so that the wheelless rear of the carriage could be lifted with the handspike and rolled with comparative ease. Since the best ports and harbors were usually off-limits to pirates, they often had to ride out storms at sea. 100s. For a four-wheeled British carriage of 1750, height of the cheek was 4-3/4 diameters of the shot, unless some change in height had to be made to fit a gun port or embrasure. The names of commissioned ships of the United States Navy all start with USS, for "United States Ship".Non-commissioned, primarily civilian-manned vessels of the U.S. Navy under the Military Sealift Command have names that begin with USNS, standing for "United States Naval Ship".A letter-based hull classification symbol is used to designate a vessel's type. Navies like their ships to be as similar as possible â for good reason. In this the bottom of the gun mount could slide. The result was a quadrilateral figure that served as a key in laying out the carriage to fit the gun.
In artillery, where trajectory is equally important, there are three main types of cannon: (1) the flat trajectory gun, throwing shot at the target in relatively level flight; (2) the high trajectory mortar, whose shell will clear high obstacles and descend upon the target from above; and (3) the howitzer, an in-between piece of medium-high trajectory, combining the mobility of the fieldpiece with the large caliber of the mortar. It was used to clear the vent of the gun and to pierce the powder bag so that flame from the primer could ignite the charge. A baseball describes a "flat" trajectory every time the pitcher throws a hard, fast one. But although the bore might be drilled quite smooth, the outside of a cast-iron gun was always rough. Ship carriages of the two- or four-wheel type, were used through the Civil War, and there was no great change until the advent of automatic recoil mechanisms made a stationary mount possible. A Swivel Gun was a small piece of ordnance, turning on a point or swivel. To this last advantage of large cannon, which is indeed a capital one, there must be that of carrying the weight of their bullet in grape or lead shot, and thereby annoying the enemy more effectually than could be done by ten times the number of small pieces. A pivot gun was a large gun mounted on a pivot or revolving carriage, so as to turn in any direction. As defined in the Navy and Marine Corps Awards Manual , service for either of these awards was performed in the water area from 12 degrees to 28 degrees North latitude, and from 66 degrees to 84 degrees West longitude. Auxiliary Ships 63 Anderson (DD411). In 1811 Major George Bombford of the US Ordnance Department introduced a 50-pounder iron gun called the Columbiad to replace the large variety of seacoast cannons then in use. Upon being fired, the gun leaped backward with a roar, its recoil checked by the heavy piece of cordage wrapped around its breech.  The gun was loaded with powder, wad, shot, and a small charge of powder which was poured into the priming pan, a depression at the rear of the weapon connected by a touchhole with the main charge inside. Earlier pieces were rather flamboyant and bear fairly elaborate inscriptions and national emblems. Rear trucks were 16 inches. Basic proportions for the carriage were obtained by measuring (1) the distance from trunnion to base ring of the gun, (2) the diameter of the base ring, and (3) the diameter of the second reinforce ring. The Spaniards often used mahogany. British specifications in the mid-eighteenth century called for cheeks and transoms of dry elm, which was very pliable and not likely to split; but some carriages were made of young oak, and oak was standard for United States garrison carriages until it was replaced by wrought iron during the Civil War. The 32-pounder Navy gun [length 112 inches, 57 hundredweight] was intended service was on first class frigates and ships of the line. Port bow. Boats are still vital aids to movement, even those little changed in form during that 6,000-year history. The rammer was a wooden cylinder about the same diameter and length as the shot. True. The gunner's pick or priming wire was a sharp pointed tool resembling a common ice pick blade. The DD 214 does not have to show the name of the theater or country of service which that medal was awarded. There were the tompion (a lid that fitted over the muzzle of the gun to keep wind and weather out of the bore) and the lead cover for the vent; water buckets for the sponges and passing boxes for the powder; scrapers and tools for "searching" the bore to find dangerous cracks or holes; chocks for the wheels; blocks and rollers, lifting jacks, and gins for moving guns; and drills and augers for clearing the vent. Its light weight was perfect for topside locations where weight was critical for stability. They sailed on 6,236 merchant ships (including Allied vessels), of which more than 700 ships were sunk and many more were damaged. These are the new ships: 8. Metal impurities, known as slag, was forced to the center by the cooling action and removed by a lathe during the finishing operation. By convention, carronades were not reckoned as part of a ships gun total, they were often installed or augmented by individual captains and not therefore part of the vessels listed armament. Twelve rounds an hour was good practice for heavy guns during the Civil War period, although the figure could be upped to 20 rounds. These bars strengthened the axletree and resisted wear at the spindle. As powder charges were lessened in later years, the ladle was shortened; by 1750, it was only three shot diameters long. But before the introduction of the powder cartridge, cutting a ladle to the right size was one of the most important accomplishments a gunner had to learn. Ship - Ship - History of ships: Surviving clay tablets and containers record the use of waterborne vessels as early as 4000 bce. The Carronade was a very important addition to naval ordinance in the late 18th century. Charles ordered 102 bronze cannon, to ensure it was the most powerfully armed ship in the world; these were made by John Browne. The standard routine for reloading after firing is, first, the barrel is wormed using a two start, open end metal spiral fitted to a wooden pole.
The solid-cast process reached America by 1773 and became standard practice for all U. S. cannon foundries. It was among the first oceangoing vessels outfitted with a high pivot gun, a technological innovation and forerunner to the turret guns standard on later warships. Americans employed a higher percentage of carronades on many ships than other nations. CONSTITUTION engaged HMS Guerriere in 1812 at about 25 to 50 yards. Privateer, privately owned armed vessel commissioned by a belligerent state to attack enemy ships, usually vessels of commerce. 1807 3 18 0 0 War of 1812, 18 Jun. With cartridges, the ladle was no longer needed for loading the gun, but it was still handy for withdrawing the round. The advantage of the carronade lay in its lightness. John Müller, who had devised a new system of ordnance for Great Britain, strongly advocated bronze for ship guns. Inserted in the gun bore and twisted, it seized and drew out wads or the remains of cartridge bags stuck in the gun after firing. John Müller brushed aside such arguments impatiently. Armed Guard casualties numbered at least 1,810 killed or missing in action and many more wounded, a casualty rate that grimly rivals the casualty rate of any of the Armed Forces during World War II. Besides their main defensive weapon, the swivel gun was used for signaling and salutes. A 24-pounder fore truck was 18 inches in diameter. 22-07-2011 17:41:06 ZULU. The importance then of allotting to all ships the largest cannon they can with safety bear being granted, it remains to show on what foundation a change is proposed to be made in the fabric of all pieces from eighteen pounders downwards, so that they may be changed for others of the same, or less weight, but of a larger bore. To load the carronade a loader would insert a powder cartridge into the muzzle and then push it to the other end using a rammer. The gun had been virtually useless, anyway, since the ship's bow structure was not well suited to the accommodation of a chase gun. An 11-inch pivot-gun on its revolving carriage was served by 24 crewmen and a powderman. Alligator served a brief but remarkable naval career. While with the crude traversing mechanism of the early 1800's the gunners may not have laid their pieces too accurately, at least it was a step toward the indirect firing technique of later years which was to take full advantage of the longer ranges possible with modern cannon. Often the sponge was on the opposite end of the rammer, and sometimes, instead of being lambskin-covered, the sponge was a bristle brush. He carries with him a horn container full of fine black powder. 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